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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-75
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2020-75
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 25 Mar 2020

Submitted as: research article | 25 Mar 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Coastal Impacts of Storm Gloria (January 2020) over the Northwestern Mediterranean

Angel Amores1, Marta Marcos1,2, Diego S. Carrió3,4, and Lluís Gómez-Pujol5 Angel Amores et al.
  • 1Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies (IMEDEA, UIB-CSIC), Esporles, Spain
  • 2Department of Physics, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma, Spain
  • 3School of Earth Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
  • 4ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
  • 5Earth Sciences Research Group, Department of Biology, University of the Balearic Islands, Palma, Spain

Abstract. The ocean component and coastal impacts of Storm Gloria, that hit the Western Mediterranean between January 20th and 23rd 2020 are investigated with a numerical simulation of the storm surges and wind-waves. Storm Gloria caused severe damages and beat several historical records such as significant wave height or 24-h accumulated precipitation. The storm surge developed along the eastern coasts of the Iberian Peninsula reached values up to 1 m, and were accompanied by wind-waves with significant wave height up to 8 m. Along the coasts of the Balearic Islands, the storm footprint was characterised by a negligible storm surge and the impacts were caused by large waves. The comparison to historical records reveals that Storm Gloria is one of the most intense among the events in the region during the last decades and that the waves direction was particularly unusual. Our simulation permits quantifying the role of the different forcings in generating the storm surge. Also, the high spatial grid resolution down to 30 m over the Ebro Delta, allows determining the extent of the flooding caused by the storm surge. We also simulate the overtopping caused by high wind waves that affected a rocky coast of high cliffs (~ 15 m) in the eastern coast of Mallorca Island.

Angel Amores et al.

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Short summary
Storm Gloria hit the Mediterranean Spanish coastlines between January 20th–23rd 2020 causing severe damages such as flooding the Ebro river Delta. We evaluate its coastal impacts with a numerical simulation of the wind waves and the accumulated ocean water along the coastline (storm surge). The storm surge, that reached values up to 1 m, was mainly driven by the wind, that also generated wind-waves up to 8 m height. We also determine the extent of the Ebro Delta flooded by marine waters.
Storm Gloria hit the Mediterranean Spanish coastlines between January 20th–23rd 2020 causing...
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