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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-426
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-426
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 23 Jan 2020

Submitted as: research article | 23 Jan 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal NHESS.

Natural hazard impacts on transport infrastructure in Russia

Elena Petrova Elena Petrova
  • Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. Transport infrastructure is considered as a large and complex technological system including railway and bus stations; tunnels, overpasses, and bridges; sea- and river ports; airports; roads, railways, and waterways, as well as other structures, buildings and equipment ensuring the functioning of transport. Almost all of the transport infrastructure facilities are exposed to natural hazard impacts of different genesis. Such impacts pose a threat to transport safety and reliability, trigger accidents and failures, cause traffic disruptions and delays in delivery of passengers and goods. Under conditions of climate changes, these harmful impacts with negative consequences will increase. The transport infrastructure of Russia is exposed to multiple impacts of various natural hazards and adverse weather phenomena such as heavy rains and snowfalls, river floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, debris flows, snow avalanches; rock falls, icing conditions of roads, and others. The paper considers impacts of hazardous natural processes and phenomena on transport within the area of Russia. Using the information of the author’s database, contributions of natural factors to road, railway, air, and water transport accidents and failures are assessed. The total risk of transport accidents and traffic disruptions by adverse and hazardous natural impacts is assessed at the level of Russian federal regions.

Elena Petrova

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Status: open (until 19 Mar 2020)
Status: open (until 19 Mar 2020)
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Elena Petrova

Elena Petrova

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Short summary
Using the information of the author’s database, contributions of natural hazards and adverse weather to occurrences of different types of transport accidents and traffic disruptions including road, railway, air, and water transport were revealed. Regional differences in the risk of transport accidents and traffic disruptions caused by adverse natural impacts between Russian federal regions were found. The resulting maps were created and analyzed. Regions most at risk were identified.
Using the information of the author’s database, contributions of natural hazards and adverse...
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