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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-201
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-201
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 09 Jul 2019

Submitted as: research article | 09 Jul 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

Analysis of Employment Change in Response to Hurricane Landfalls

Yuepeng Cui1, Daan Liang2, and Bradley Ewing3 Yuepeng Cui et al.
  • 1Department of Transportation, Fujian University of Technology, Fuzhou 350118, China
  • 2Department of Civil, Environmental, & Construction Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409, USA
  • 3Rawls College of Business, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409, USA

Abstract. Hurricanes cause extensive harm to local economies and in some cases the recovery may take years. As an adequate, skilled, and trained workforce is a prerequisite for economic development and capacity building, employment plays an important role in disaster reduction and mitigation efforts. The statistical relationship between hurricane landfalls and observed changes in employment at the county level is investigated. Hurricane impact is classified into temporary and permanent categories. In the former category, the level of economic activities is lowered following a hurricane landfall but quickly recovers to the pre-storm norm. In contrast, the permanent shift alters the mean value of the data and results in lasting losses in future years. The results show that Hurricane Katrina produced significant permanent impact on Orleans County, Louisiana. Chambers and Fort Bend counties experienced significant temporary impact due to the landfall of Hurricane Ike. The results are further discussed through qualitative analysis of various social, economic, and engineering factors in these affected communities. The findings support the notion that higher resilience level leads to quicker recovery after a disaster. However, the underlying data-generating processes are characterized and tested in a more detailed manner.

Yuepeng Cui et al.
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Latest update: 23 Sep 2019
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Short summary
The methodology presented in this paper is considered as an important entry point to addressing the complex problems related to disaster resilience. Regardless of storms, hurricane impact on local employment is found to be either temporary or permanent in nature.Relating the concept of resilience to observable socioeconomic activities helps us gaining a deeper understanding of the drivers and the processes of of post-storm recovery. Studies play a major role in bridging the knowledge gaps.
The methodology presented in this paper is considered as an important entry point to addressing ...
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