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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-199
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-199
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 04 Jul 2019

Research article | 04 Jul 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

Vulnerability analysis in Complex Networks under a Flood Risk Reduction point of view

Leonardo B. L. Santos1,2, Aurelienne A. S. Jorge3, Luciana R. Londe1, Regina T. Reani1, Roberta B. Bacelar4, and Igor M. Sokolov2 Leonardo B. L. Santos et al.
  • 1National Center for Monitoring and Early Warning of Natural Disasters (Cemaden), Sao Jose dos Campos/SP, Brazil
  • 2Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany
  • 3National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Cachoeira Paulista/SP, Brazil
  • 4Anhanguera College, Sao Jose dos Campos/SP, Brazil

Abstract. The measurement and mapping of transportation network vulnerability constitute subjects of global interest. During a flood, some elements of a transportation network can be reached, causing damages directly (to people, vehicles and roads/streets) and indirect damages (services) with great economic impacts. The Complex Networks approach may offer a valuable perspective considering one type of vulnerability especially related to Disaster Risk Reduction on critical infrastructures: the topological vulnerability. The topological vulnerability index associated to an element in a graph is defined as the damage (variation) on the network’s average efficiency due to the removal of that element. We have performed a topological vulnerability analysis to the highways in the state of Santa Catarina (Brazil), and produced a risk map considering that index and the flood susceptible areas. Our results can represent an important tool for stakeholders from the transportation sector.

Leonardo B. L. Santos et al.
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Leonardo B. L. Santos et al.
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Short summary
The measurement and mapping of transportation network vulnerability constitute subjects of global interest. During a flood, some elements of a transportation network can be reached, causing damages directly (to people) and indirect damages (to services) with great economic impacts. The Complex Networks approach may offer a valuable perspective considering the topological vulnerability. Our results can represent an important tool for stakeholders from the transportation sector.
The measurement and mapping of transportation network vulnerability constitute subjects of...
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