Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 2.883 IF 2.883
  • IF 5-year value: 3.321 IF 5-year
    3.321
  • CiteScore value: 3.07 CiteScore
    3.07
  • SNIP value: 1.336 SNIP 1.336
  • IPP value: 2.80 IPP 2.80
  • SJR value: 1.024 SJR 1.024
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 81 Scimago H
    index 81
  • h5-index value: 43 h5-index 43
Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-13
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2019-13
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 11 Feb 2019

Research article | 11 Feb 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

The impact of topography on seismic amplification during the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake

Saad Khan1,2, Mark van der Meijde2, Harald van der Werff2, and Muhammad Shafique3 Saad Khan et al.
  • 1Department of Geology, Bacha Khan University Charsadda
  • 2Faculty ITC, University of Twente
  • 3NCEG, University of Peshawar

Abstract. Ground surface topography influence the spatial distribution of earthquake induced ground shaking. This study shows the influence of topography on seismic amplification during the 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Earth surface topography scatters and reflects seismic waves, which causes spatial variation in seismic response. We perform a 3D simulation of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake in Muzaffarabad with spectral finite element method. The moment tensor solution of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake is used as the seismic source. Our results show amplification of seismic response on ridges and de-amplification in valleys. It is found that slopes facing away from the source receive an amplified seismic response, and that 98 % of the highly damaged areas are located in the topographically amplified seismic response zone.

Saad Khan et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: open (extended)
Status: open (extended)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Saad Khan et al.
Saad Khan et al.
Viewed  
Total article views: 349 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
273 71 5 349 5 5
  • HTML: 273
  • PDF: 71
  • XML: 5
  • Total: 349
  • BibTeX: 5
  • EndNote: 5
Views and downloads (calculated since 11 Feb 2019)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 11 Feb 2019)
Viewed (geographical distribution)  
Total article views: 207 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 202 with geography defined and 5 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Cited  
Saved  
No saved metrics found.
Discussed  
No discussed metrics found.
Latest update: 18 Jul 2019
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
In 2005, northern Pakistan was hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake. The epicenter was located near capital of the Pakistani territory of Azad Kashmir and also affected Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir region. It was believed that the local topography might have significant role in direct and indirect damage in the region. This study shows that the local topography played significant role in the earthquake induced damage in the region.
In 2005, northern Pakistan was hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake. The epicenter was located near...
Citation