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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 23 Apr 2019

Submitted as: research article | 23 Apr 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

A flood risk oriented dynamic protection motivation framework to explain risk reduction behaviours

Philippe Weyrich1, Elena Mondino2,3, Marco Borga4, Giuliano Di Baldassarre2,3, Anthony Patt1, and Anna Scolobig5 Philippe Weyrich et al.
  • 1Climate Policy Group, Department of Environmental Systems Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
  • 2Department for Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, 75236 Uppsala, Sweden
  • 3Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, Sweden
  • 4Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padova, 35122 Padova, Italy
  • 5Environmental Governance and Territorial Development Institute, University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland

Abstract. Private risk reduction behaviours can significantly reduce the negative impacts of flooding and flash floods. Over the past decades, researchers have used various socio-cognitive models or threat/coping mechanisms to explain individual protective behaviours. However, these models ignore that people are not equally ready to act upon a danger and they give limited insights into the effectiveness of communication strategies to foster risk reduction behaviours. Therefore, we explored the current state of homeowner's readiness to undertake risk reduction behaviours in flood risk areas by applying a dynamic protection motivation framework. We conducted a survey in an Italian municipality that experienced severe flash flooding in September 2018. The results show that people are motivated by different factors in prompting risk reduction behaviour based on their type of protective measures. For example, people that undertook structural or avoidance measures are more likely to be motivated to protect themselves by increased perceptions of vulnerability and response efficacy, and are less worried about expected flood losses compared to people that undertook only basic emergency measures. In this paper, we argue how these new insights contribute to target flood risk communication strategies to groups of individuals characterized by different readiness stages and motivations to protect themselves.

Philippe Weyrich et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: open (extended)
Status: open (extended)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Philippe Weyrich et al.
Data sets

Dataset Flood Risk Negrar 2019 E. Mondino, P. Weyrich, A. Frederike, G. Bernello, G. Bisoffi, M. Borga, V. Bort, G. Di Baldassarre, J. Mård, E. Poli, F. Professione, and A. Scolobig

Philippe Weyrich et al.
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