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Discussion papers | Copyright
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-94
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 05 Jun 2018

Research article | 05 Jun 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

Rain Attenuation Prediction Model for Satellite Communications Based on The Météo-France Ensemble Prediction System PEARP

Isabelle Dahman1,2,3, Philippe Arbogast2, Nicolas Jeannin1, and Bouchra Benammar3 Isabelle Dahman et al.
  • 1ONERA - DEMR, 2 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31055 Toulouse, France
  • 2CNRM – GMAP, 42 avenue Gaspard Coriolis 31057 Toulouse, France
  • 3CNES - DCT-RF-ITP, 18 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France

Abstract. This paper presents an example of usage of Ensemble Weather Forecast for the control of Satellite-based Communication Systems. Satellite communication systems become increasingly sensitive to weather conditions as their operating frequency is increasing to avoid electromagnetic spectrum congestion and enhance their capacity. In the microwave domain, electromagnetic waves that are conveying information are attenuated between the satellite and Earth terminals in presence of hydrometeors (mostly rain drops and more marginally cloud droplets). To maintain a reasonable level of service availability, even with adverse weather conditions considering the scarcity of amplification power in spacecraft, fade mitigation techniques have been developed. The general idea behind those fade mitigation techniques is to re-route, change the characteristics, or re-schedule the transmission in case of too significant propagation impairments. For some systems, a scheduling on how to use those mechanisms some hours in advance is required, making assumptions on the future weather conditions affecting the link. To this aim the use of weather forecast data to control the attenuation compensation mechanisms seems of particular interest to maximize the performances of the communication links and hence of the associated economic value. A model to forecast the attenuation on the link based on forecasted rainfall amounts from deterministic or ensemble weather forecasting is presented and validated. In a second phase, the model's application to a simplified telecommunication system allows demonstrating the valuable contribution of weather forecasting in the system's availability optimization or in the system's throughput optimization. The benefit of using ensemble weather forecasting rather than deterministic ones is demonstrated as well.

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Latest update: 17 Aug 2018
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Short summary
This paper proposes an innovative method for optimizing the transmissions of high throughput satellites based on weather forecasts. Such transmissions are particularly sensitives to the presence of hydrometeors which attenuates the signal. A model to forecast the attenuation based on forecasted rainfall amounts is presented. The valuable contribution of weather forecasts in the system optimization is demonstrated as well as the benefit of using ensemble forecast over deterministics forecasts.
This paper proposes an innovative method for optimizing the transmissions of high throughput...
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