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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-350
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-350
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 20 Dec 2018

Research article | 20 Dec 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

Man-made earthquakes prevention through monitoring and discharging their causative stress-deformed states

Oleg Kuznetsov1, Igor Chirkin1, Ahmed Radwan2, Ahmed Ismail3, Yury Lyasch4, Samuel LeRoy5, Evgeny Rizanov1, and Sergey Koligaev1 Oleg Kuznetsov et al.
  • 1Department of General and Applied Geophysics, Dubna State University, Dubna, Russia
  • 2Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt
  • 3Boone Pickens School of Geology, Oklahoma State University, Oklahoma, USA
  • 4JYL LLC., Houston, Texas, USA
  • 5Earthview Associates Inc., Houston, Texas, USA

Abstract. Despite our understanding of the different mechanisms of man-made earthquakes, their short-term prediction and prevention is yet to be attained. In this study, we propose an integrated four-step approach to predict and prevent man-made earthquakes or reduce their chance of occurrence. Our four-step approach includes: 1) locating the highly anomalous zones of microseismic emission (MSE) that result from the stress-deformed state inside a geological formation and often represents the seismic nuclei for impending earthquakes, 2) Monitoring the variations and dynamics of the anomalous MSE zones over a period of one lunar month, 3) inducing a creep-discharging of the MSE zones using a vibroseis seismic source at the ground surface, and 4) monitoring the same MSE zones following the creep-discharge to determine whether the stress-deformed state was released and the chance of potential earthquake occurrence has been eliminated or reduced. The proposed full four-step approach has never implemented at one single location. Nevertheless, the steps have been tested separately at different sites and have proven successful. We propose conducting the full four-step approach at various locations of potential man-made earthquake activities around the world including the state of Oklahoma in the United States.

Oleg Kuznetsov et al.
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Oleg Kuznetsov et al.
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