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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 27 Nov 2018

Research article | 27 Nov 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

How awareness and confidence affect flood-risk precautionary behavior of Greek citizens: the role of perceptual and emotional mechanisms

Katerina Papagiannaki1, Vassiliki Kotroni1, Kostas Lagouvardos1, and Giorgos Papagiannakis2 Katerina Papagiannaki et al.
  • 1Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, National Observatory of Athens, Athens, Greece
  • 2Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece

Abstract. This study examines the mechanisms of flood-risk precautionary behavior among Greek citizens. To that end, it specifies a comprehensive model in which risk perception and worry mediate the effects of awareness-raising factors and confidence attitudes on individuals' flood preparedness. Both the current preparedness and preparedness intention are assessed. Raw data were obtained via an online survey that received 1855 responses. Findings from SEM (structural equation modeling) analysis indicate that worry mediates the effects of awareness and confidence on preparedness; risk perception is limited to the activation of preparedness intention. The results also suggest that past risk perceptions might have affected prior preparedness motivations associated with current preparedness. Interestingly, citizens who had already undertaken preparedness measures in the past appear to be more willing to invest in new measures. Implications for improving flood risk management are discussed.

Katerina Papagiannaki et al.
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Katerina Papagiannaki et al.
Katerina Papagiannaki et al.
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Short summary
The aim of this work is to advance knowledge on the mechanisms of flood precautionary behavior in an area not adequately addressed. Risk managers may identify gaps in risk communication, advance their understanding of citizens' precautionary behaviors, and adjust their strategies to improve flood resilience. The survey was launched by that is in the top5 websites of general interest. This work is part of the study of weather-related hazards and societal impact conducted in the IERSD.
The aim of this work is to advance knowledge on the mechanisms of flood precautionary behavior...