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Discussion papers | Copyright
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-217
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 16 Aug 2018

Research article | 16 Aug 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).

Towards Measuring Resilience of Flood Prone Communities: A Conceptual Framework

Victor O. Oladokun1 and Burrell E. Montz2 Victor O. Oladokun and Burrell E. Montz
  • 1Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 2Department of Geography, Planning, & Environment, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA

Abstract. Community resilience has become an important policy and research concept for understanding and addressing the challenges associated with the interplay of climate change, urbanization, population growth, land use, sustainability, vulnerability and increased frequency of extreme flooding. Although measuring resilience has been identified as a fundamental step toward its understanding and effective management, there is, however, lack of an operational measurement framework due to the difficulty of systematically integrating socio-economic and techno-ecological factors. The study examines the challenges, constraints and construct ramifications that have complicated the development of an operational framework for measuring resilience of flood prone communities. Among others, the study highlights the absence of definitional convergence with its attendant proliferation of conceptual frameworks, challenges of data availability, data variability and data compatibility. The study suggests the adoption of an agreed definitional platform as the basis for developing conceptual constructs across all disciplines dealing with resilience. Using the National Academies’ definition of resilience (NRC 2012), a conceptual and mathematical model was developed using the dimensions, quantities and relationships established by the definition. A fuzzy logic equivalent of the model implemented to generate a resilience index for three flood prone communities in the US. It is concluded that the proposed framework offers a viable approach for measuring community flood resilience even when there is a limitation on data availability and compatibility.

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Victor O. Oladokun and Burrell E. Montz
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Victor O. Oladokun and Burrell E. Montz
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Short summary
Community resilience is an important policy and research concept. However, lack of an operational measurement framework exists due to difficulties in systematically integrating socio-economic and techno-ecological factors. A conceptual and mathematical model was developed and a fuzzy logic equivalent of the model implemented to generate a resilience index for three communities in the US. This model offers a viable approach for measuring community flood resilience despite data limitations.
Community resilience is an important policy and research concept. However, lack of an...
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