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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-142
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
28 May 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
Development of a methodological framework for the assessment of seismic induced tsunami hazard through uncertainty quantification: application to the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone
Vito Bacchi1, Ekaterina Antoshchenkova1, Hervé Jomard1, Lise Bardet1, Claire-Marie Duluc1, Oona Scotti1, and Hélène Hebert2 1Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN), Fonteany-aux-Roses, 92262, France
2CEA, DAM, DIF, 91297 Arpajon Cedex, France
Abstract. The aim of this study is to show how a numerical database constructed using uncertainty quantification techniques can be a useful tool for the analysis of the tsunamigenic potential of a seismic zone. This methodology mainly relies on the construction and validation of some emulators, or meta-models, used instead of the original models in order to evaluate and quantify the uncertainty and the sensitivity of the tsunamis height at a given location to the seismic source parameters. The proposed approach was tested by building a numerical database of nearly 50 000 tsunamis scenarios generated by the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone (AGFZ) and potentially impacting the French Atlantic Coast. This seismic area was chosen as test-case because of its complexity and the large uncertainty related to its characterization of tsunamigenic earthquake sources. Finally, the tsunami hazard resulting from uncertainty quantification was presented and discussed with respect to the results which can be obtained with a more classical deterministic (or scenario-based) approach. It must be underlined that the results from this study are the illustration of a general methodology through a case study with simplified hypothesis, which is not an operational assessment of tsunami hazard along the French Atlantic Coast.
Citation: Bacchi, V., Antoshchenkova, E., Jomard, H., Bardet, L., Duluc, C.-M., Scotti, O., and Hebert, H.: Development of a methodological framework for the assessment of seismic induced tsunami hazard through uncertainty quantification: application to the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2018-142, in review, 2018.
Vito Bacchi et al.
Vito Bacchi et al.
Vito Bacchi et al.

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The objective of this paper is to present a new methodology for the analysis of the seismic induced tsunami hazard. The proposed methodology mainly relies on uncertainty quantification techniques and the construction and validation of some emulators, or meta-models, used instead of the original models for the construction of a numerical tsunamis database. The methodology was tested with tsunamis generated by the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone and potentially impacting the French Coast.
The objective of this paper is to present a new methodology for the analysis of the seismic...
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