Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-448
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
09 Jan 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
From Tsunami Risk Assessment to Disaster Risk Reduction. The case of Oman
Ignacio Aguirre Ayerbe1, Jara Martínez Sánchez1, Íñigo Aniel-Quiroga1, Pino González Riancho2, María Merino1, Sultan Al-Yahyai3, Mauricio González1, and Raúl Medina1 1Environmental Hydraulics Institute IHCantabria, University of Cantabria, Santander, 39011, Spain
2GFA Consulting Group, Hamburg, 22359, Germany
3Directorate General of Meteorology and Air Navigation. Public Authority for Civil Aviation, Muscat, 111, Oman
Abstract. Oman is located in an area of high seismicity, facing the Makran Subduction Zone, which is the major source of earthquakes in the eastern border of the Arabian plate. These earthquakes, as evidenced by several past events, may trigger a tsunami event. The aim of this work is to minimize the consequences that tsunami events may cause in coastal communities by integrating tsunami risk assessment and risk reduction measures as part of the risk-management preparedness strategy. An integrated risk assessment approach and the analysis of site-specific conditions permitted to propose target-oriented risk reduction measures. The process included a participatory approach, involving a panel of local and international experts.

One of the main concerns of this work was to obtain a really useful outcome for the actual improvement of tsunami risk management in Oman. This goal was achieved through the development of comprehensive and functional management tools such as the Tsunami Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Atlas and the Risk Reduction Measures Handbook, which will help to design and plan a roadmap towards risk reduction.


Citation: Aguirre Ayerbe, I., Martínez Sánchez, J., Aniel-Quiroga, Í., González Riancho, P., Merino, M., Al-Yahyai, S., González, M., and Medina, R.: From Tsunami Risk Assessment to Disaster Risk Reduction. The case of Oman, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-448, in review, 2018.
Ignacio Aguirre Ayerbe et al.
Ignacio Aguirre Ayerbe et al.
Ignacio Aguirre Ayerbe et al.

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Short summary
Tsunamis are natural phenomena that may cause great destruction when they reach coastal areas. This study focuses on establishing a connection between technical and scientific tsunami risk assessment and disaster risk reduction. The ultimate goal is to reduce the consequences that a tsunami may cause in tsunami prone communities, focusing in the prevention and preparedness strategies, through the generation and application of useful tsunami-risk management tools. The work has focused on Oman.
Tsunamis are natural phenomena that may cause great destruction when they reach coastal areas....
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