Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-370
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Research article
24 Oct 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
Discovering the differential and gendered consequences of natural disasters on the gender gap in life expectancy in Southeast Asia
Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan College of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 4300 74, P. R. China
Abstract. Generally, the country and the population at risk experience the consequences of natural disasters differently and disproportionately. Likewise, the negative impacts of the natural disaster on the population are not gender-neutral. This article explores the relationship of the negative consequences of natural disasters on the difference of gender gap in life expectancy in Southeast Asia. Using the regional data set over the period 1995 to 2011, we analyzed the influence of the natural disaster magnitude, i.e. number of disaster-related casualties, and the interaction with women's socioeconomic and political rights, and the country’s vulnerability and exposure to climate change impacts on the gender gap in life expectancy, i.e. ratio of female to male life expectancy. The study produced three important findings. First, Southeast Asian women's life expectancy is more likely to decrease on average compared to that of men as the magnitude of natural disaster increases. Second, lower women's socioeconomic and political conditions are associated with the gender difference in life expectancy as the magnitude of natural disaster increases. Lastly, country's higher level of exposure and vulnerability to climate change impacts are associated with the negative influence of natural disasters on the women's life expectancy more than that of men. Taken together, our study concluded that lower women's socioeconomic and political conditions, as well as country's higher climate change-related vulnerabilities, are likely to pose a collective threat to women's overall well-being more than that of men.

Citation: Murillo, M. Q. and Tan, S.: Discovering the differential and gendered consequences of natural disasters on the gender gap in life expectancy in Southeast Asia, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-370, in review, 2017.
Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan
Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan
Marshal Q. Murillo and Shukui Tan

Viewed

Total article views: 153 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
127 24 2 153 4 0 0

Views and downloads (calculated since 24 Oct 2017)

Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 24 Oct 2017)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 153 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

Thereof 152 with geography defined and 1 with unknown origin.

Country # Views %
  • 1

Saved

Discussed

Latest update: 18 Nov 2017
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
This research article explored the relationship of the negative consequences of natural disasters on the gender gap in life expectancy in Southeast Asia. Using the regional data set over the period of 1995 to 2011, we employed random effects estimation method. We discovered that lower socioeconomic and political developments, as well as the countries' level of exposure and risks from the impacts of climate change, provide a disproportionate impact on Southeast Asian women's life expectancy.
This research article explored the relationship of the negative consequences of natural...
Share