Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-156
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
04 May 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
Conceptualizing community resilience to natural hazards – the emBRACE framework
Sylvia Kruse1,6, Thomas Abeling2, Hugh Deeming3, Maureen Fordham4, John Forrester5, Sebastian Jülich6, A. Nuray Karanci7, Christian Kuhlicke8, Mark Pelling9, Lydia Pedoth10, and Stefan Schneiderbauer10 1Chair for Forest and Environmental Policy, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
2Climate Impacts and Adaptation, Environment Agency, 06844 Dessau-Roßlau, Germany
3HD Research, Lane Head, Bentham, N. Yorks, UK
4Department of Geography, Northumbria University, Ellison Place, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
5Stockholm Environment Institute & Environment Department, York Centre for Complex Systems Analysis, University of York, UK YO10
6Swiss Federal Institute for Forest Snow and Landscape Research, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
7Psychology Department, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
8Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
9Department of Geography, King’s College London, Strand, London WC2R, Great Britain
10Eurac Research, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
Abstract. The level of community is considered to be vital for building disaster resilience. Yet, community resilience as a scientific concept often remains vaguely defined and lacks the guiding characteristics necessary for analysing and enhancing resilience on the ground. The emBRACE framework of community resilience presented in this paper provides a heuristic analytical tool for understanding, explaining and measuring community resilience to natural hazards. It was developed in an iterative process building on existing scholarly debates, on empirical case study work in five countries and on participatory consultation with community stakeholders, where the framework was applied and ground-tested in different contexts and for different hazard types. The framework conceptualizes resilience across three core domains: resources and capacities; actions; and learning. These three domains are conceptualized as intrinsically conjoined within a whole. Community resilience is influenced by these integral elements as well as by extra-community forces, comprising disaster risk governance and thus laws, policies and responsibilities on the one hand and on the other, the general societal context, natural and human-made disturbances and system change over time. The framework is a graphically rendered heuristic, which through application can assist in guiding the assessment of community resilience in a systematic way and identifying key drivers and barriers of resilience that affect any particular hazard-exposed community.

Citation: Kruse, S., Abeling, T., Deeming, H., Fordham, M., Forrester, J., Jülich, S., Karanci, A. N., Kuhlicke, C., Pelling, M., Pedoth, L., and Schneiderbauer, S.: Conceptualizing community resilience to natural hazards – the emBRACE framework, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-156, in review, 2017.
Sylvia Kruse et al.
Sylvia Kruse et al.
Sylvia Kruse et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 579 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
429 133 17 579 2 19

Views and downloads (calculated since 04 May 2017)

Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 04 May 2017)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 579 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

Thereof 572 with geography defined and 7 with unknown origin.

Country # Views %
  • 1

Saved

Discussed

Latest update: 17 Oct 2017
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
The emBRACE framework of community resilience conceptualizes resilience across three core domains: resources and capacities; actions; and learning. These are influenced by extra community forces, i.e. risk governance, socieatal context, disturbances and system change over time. It was developed building on existing scholarly debates, on empirical case study work in five countries and on participatory consultation with community stakeholders, where the framework was applied and ground-tested.
The emBRACE framework of community resilience conceptualizes resilience across three core...
Share