Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-147
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
02 May 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
High-resolution marine flood modelling with coupled overflow and overtopping processes: framing the hazard based on historical and statistical approaches
Alexandre Nicolae Lerma1, Thomas Bulteau2, Sylvain Elineau1,3, François Paris2, Paul Durand3, Brice Anselme4, and Rodrigo Pedreros1 1BRGM (French Geological Survey), Risks and Prevention Division - Coastal Risks and Climate Change Unit, Orléans, France
2BRGM (French Geological Survey), Regional Direction Nouvelle-Aquitaine - Pessac, France
3LGP / Université Paris 1, UMR 8591
4PRODIG / Université Paris 1, UMR 8586
Abstract. A modelling chain was implemented in order to propose a realistic appraisal of the risk in coastal areas affected as well by overflowing as overtopping processes. Simulations are performed through a nested downscaling strategy from regional to local scale at high spatial resolution with explicit buildings, urban structures such as sea front walls and hydraulic structures liable to affect the propagation of water in urban areas. Validation of the model performance is based on hard and soft available data analysis and conversion of qualitative to quantitative information to reconstruct the area affected by flooding and the succession of events during two recent storms. Two joint probability statistical approaches (joint exceedance probability and environmental contour) are used to define 100 years off-shore conditions scenarios and to investigate the flood response to each scenario in term of: (1) maximum spatial extent of flooded areas, (2) volumes of water propagation inland and (3) water level in flooded areas. Scenarios of sea level rise are also considerate in order to evaluate the potential hazard evolution. Our simulations show that for a maximising 100-year hazard scenario, for the municipality as a whole, 38 % of the zones are prone to overflow flooding and 62 % to flooding by propagation of overtopping water volume along the seafront. Results also reveal that for the two kind of statistic scenarios a difference of about 5 % in the forcing conditions (water level, wave height and period) can produce significant differences responses in terms of flooding like +13.5 % of water volumes propagating inland or +11.3 % of affected surfaces. In some areas, flood response appears to be very sensible to the scenario chosen with differences of 0.3 to 0.5 m in water level. The approach developed enable to bracket the 100-year hazard and to characterise spatially the robustness or the uncertainty over the results. Considering a 100-year scenario with mean sea level rise (0.6 m), hazard characteristics are dramatically changed with an evolution of the overtopping/overflowing process ratio and an increase of 384 % in volumes of water propagating inland and 247 % in flooded surfaces.

Citation: Nicolae Lerma, A., Bulteau, T., Elineau, S., Paris, F., Durand, P., Anselme, B., and Pedreros, R.: High-resolution marine flood modelling with coupled overflow and overtopping processes: framing the hazard based on historical and statistical approaches, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-147, in review, 2017.
Alexandre Nicolae Lerma et al.
Alexandre Nicolae Lerma et al.
Alexandre Nicolae Lerma et al.

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Short summary
In a context of rising sea levels linked to global warming, the problem of marine flood risk is becoming central to the management of low coasts in the decades to come. The CRISSIS research program aims to propose a multidisciplinary, integrated and operational approach of marine flood risk, involving geographers, modelers, geomaticians and specialists in risk and crisis management. In this work, we present more especially a contribution in order to understand the manifestation of the hazard.
In a context of rising sea levels linked to global warming, the problem of marine flood risk is...
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