Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-137
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
18 Apr 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
Assessment of Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards in Nepal
Dipendra Gautam Structural and Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Kathmandu, Nepal
Abstract. This paper disseminates district-wise social vulnerability to natural hazards in Nepal. Disasters like earthquake, flood, landslide, epidemic and drought are common in Nepal. Every year thousands of people are killed along with huge economic and environmental losses are reported in Nepal due to various natural disasters. Although natural hazards are well recognized in Nepal, quantitative as well as qualitative social vulnerability mapping does not exist until now. This study aims to fulfil the hiatus of such quantification considering district level social vulnerability to natural hazards using available census. To perform district level vulnerability mapping, 13 variables were selected and aggregated indexes were plotted in Arc GIS environment to depict the level of social vulnerability for all 75 districts in Nepal. Only 4 districts were found to be under very low social vulnerability whereas 46 districts (61 %) were found to be under moderate to high social vulnerability status. Vulnerability mapping highlights the immediate need for decentralized frameworks to tackle natural hazards in district level and the results of this study can contribute to preparedness, planning and resource management, inter-district coordination, contingency planning and public awareness efforts.

Citation: Gautam, D.: Assessment of Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards in Nepal, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2017-137, in review, 2017.
Dipendra Gautam
Dipendra Gautam
Dipendra Gautam

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