Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2016-399
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
07 Feb 2017
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It has been under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS). A final paper in NHESS is not foreseen.
Erosive phenomena in the Kaulon archaeological site: origins and remedies
Giuseppe Barbaro1, Salvatore Siviglia2, Giandomenico Foti1, Carmelo Luca Sicilia1, Maria Clorinda Mandaglio1, Ferdinando Frega3, and Pierfabrizio Puntorieri1 1DICEAM Department, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria loc. Feo di Vito, 89122, Italy
2Calabria Basin Authority, Catanzaro Loc. Germaneto, 88100, Italy
3Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, 87036, Italy
Abstract. This paper analyses the erosive phenomena which affected the coast of Monasterace Marina, in the province of Reggio Calabria (Italy), where the Kaulon archaeological site is located on a dune and which extends along the coast for 1 km. The phenomena which began in the last 50 years have been reinforced in the new millennium. Recently, a storm that occurred in early December 2013 eroded much of the beach and caused destruction of parts of the dune, with sliding of some archaeological finds onto the beach below. Following this storm, the Provincial Administration of Reggio Calabria in January 2014 built a barrier. It was only a temporary intervention however. In fact, in early February 2014 another storm caused further damage to the beach and to the site. As a result of this, in 2015, the Calabria Basin Authority proposed a design solution which is part of the Master Plan of solutions to mitigate the risk of coastal erosion in Calabria.

In this paper, all the possible causes of erosion are investigated through the analysis of different types of data: bathymetric, cartographic, geological, geomorphological, sedimentological, climatic and wave climatic. This analysis is carried out for different historical periods over the last 50 years. Also analysed were extreme sea storms, coastal and river sediment transport, land cover and average rainfall, in order to understand the erosive phenomena. Finally, the huge amount of data obtained in this study was used to analyse the project proposal for different solutions to the problem.


Citation: Barbaro, G., Siviglia, S., Foti, G., Sicilia, C. L., Mandaglio, M. C., Frega, F., and Puntorieri, P.: Erosive phenomena in the Kaulon archaeological site: origins and remedies, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2016-399, 2017.
Giuseppe Barbaro et al.
Giuseppe Barbaro et al.
Giuseppe Barbaro et al.

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Short summary
The paper studies the possible causes of erosion that have recently affected the shoreline in front of the Kaulon archaeological park. The site in question is of great historical and archaeological interest for the presence of numerous finds of Magna Grecia period. A scan of the causes of erosion described in the paper is critical to properly design the coastal defense works and should be present in all of its projects.
The paper studies the possible causes of erosion that have recently affected the shoreline in...
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