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Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-2-2981-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
30 Apr 2014
Review status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS). A final paper in NHESS is not foreseen.
Signatures of the self-affinity of fracture and faulting in pre-seismic electromagnetic emissions
S. M. Potirakis1, K. Eftaxias2, G. Balasis3, J. Kopanas2, G. Antonopoulos4, and A. Kalimeris4 1Department of Electronics Engineering, Technological Education Institute (TEI) of Piraeus, 250 Thivon & P. Ralli, 12244, Aigaleo, Athens, Greece
2Department of Physics, Section of Solid State Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, 15784, Zografos, Athens, Greece
3Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, I. Metaxa & Vas. Pavlou St., 15236 Penteli, Greece
4Department of Environmental Technology and Ecology, Technological Education Institute (TEI) of the Ionian Islands, Panagoulas road, 29100, Zante, Greece
Abstract. Of particular interest is the detection of precursors of an impending rupture. Theoretical, numerical studies along with laboratory experiments indicate that precursory signs of an impending failure are the sudden drop of fractal dimension and entropy, along with the anticorrelated, for large system sizes, rising of Hurst exponent and drop of a frequency–size power-law scaling exponent. Based on the widely accepted concept of the self-affine nature of faulting and fracture, we examine whether these precursory signs exist in the fracto-electromagnetic emissions resulting from the activation of a single fault.

Citation: Potirakis, S. M., Eftaxias, K., Balasis, G., Kopanas, J., Antonopoulos, G., and Kalimeris, A.: Signatures of the self-affinity of fracture and faulting in pre-seismic electromagnetic emissions, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 2, 2981-3013, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhessd-2-2981-2014, 2014.
S. M. Potirakis et al.
S. M. Potirakis et al.

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