Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
doi:10.5194/nhess-2017-57
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
06 Mar 2017
Review status
A revision of this discussion paper is under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
Synthetic Tsunami Waveform Catalogs With Kinematic Constraints
Maria Ana Baptista1,2, Jorge Miguel Miranda2,3, Luis Matias2, and Rachid Omira2,3 1Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa, Portugal
2Instituto Dom Luiz, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
3Instituto português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Lisboa, Portugal
Abstract. In this study we present a comprehensive methodology to produce a synthetic tsunami waveform catalogue in the North East Atlantic, east of the Azores islands. The method uses a synthetic earthquake catalogue compatible with plate kinematic constraints of the area. We use it to assess the tsunami hazard from the transcurrent boundary located between Iberia and the Azores, which western part is known as Gloria Fault. This study focuses only on earthquake-generated tsunamis. Moreover, we assume that the time and space distribution of the seismic events is known. To do this, we compute a synthetic earthquake catalogue including all fault parameters needed to characterise the seafloor deformation covering the time span of 20 kyr, which we consider long enough to ensure the representability of earthquake generation on this segment of the plate boundary. The computed time and space rupture distribution are made compatible with global kinematic plate models. We use tsunami Empirical Green Functions (EGF) to efficiently compute the synthetic tsunami waveforms for the dataset of coastal locations, thus providing the basis for tsunami impact characterization. We present the results in the form of offshore wave heights for all coastal points in the dataset.

Our results focus the North East Atlantic basin showing that earthquake-induced tsunamis in the transcurrent segment of the Azores-Gibraltar plate boundary pose a minor threat to coastal areas north of Portugal and beyond the Strait of Gibraltar. However, in Morocco, Azores, and Madeira islands we can expect wave heights between 0.6 m and 0.8 m requiring the evacuation of coastal areas. The advantages of the method are its easy application to other regions and the low computation effort needed.


Citation: Baptista, M. A., Miranda, J. M., Matias, L., and Omira, R.: Synthetic Tsunami Waveform Catalogs With Kinematic Constraints, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/nhess-2017-57, in review, 2017.
Maria Ana Baptista et al.
Maria Ana Baptista et al.
Maria Ana Baptista et al.

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Short summary
In this work, we present a methodology to compute a synthetic catalog of tsunami waveforms. To do this, we compute a synthetic earthquake catalog that respects the kinematics of the plate boundary. We use a method to do the fast computation of tsunami waveforms for all events of the synthetic waveform catalog.The method can be used in similar geological environments.
In this work, we present a methodology to compute a synthetic catalog of tsunami waveforms. To...
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