Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
doi:10.5194/nhess-2016-381
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
09 Dec 2016
Review status
This discussion paper is under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS).
Combination of empirically-based and physically-based methods to assess shallow slides susceptibility at the basin scale
Sérgio C. Oliveira, José L. Zêzere, Sara Lajas, and Raquel Melo Centre for Geographical Studies, IGOT (Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning), Universidade de Lisboa, Edifício IGOT, Rua Branca Edmée Marques, 1600-276 Lisboa, Portugal
Abstract. Approaches used to assess shallow slides susceptibility at the basin scale are conceptually different depending on the use of empirically-based or physically-based methods. The former are sustained by the assumption that the same causes are more likely to produce the same effects, whereas the latter are based on the comparison between forces which tend to promote movement along the slope and the opposing forces that promote resistance to movement. Within this general framework, this work tests two hypotheses: (i) although conceptually and methodological distinct, the statistic and deterministic methods generate similar shallow slides susceptibility results regarding the model’s predictive capacity and spatial agreement; and (ii) the combination of shallow slides susceptibility maps obtained with empirically-based and physically-based methods, for the same study area, generate a more reliable susceptibility model for shallow slides occurrence. These hypotheses were tested in a small test site (13.9 km2) located north of Lisbon (Portugal), using a empirically-based method (the Information Value method) and a physically-based method (the Infinite Slope method). The landslide susceptibility maps produced with the statistic and deterministic methods were combined into a new landslide susceptibility map. The latter was based on a set of integration rules defined by the cross-tabulation of the susceptibility classes of both maps and analysis of the corresponding contingency tables. The results demonstrate a higher predictive capacity of the new shallow slides susceptibility map, which combines the independent results obtained with empirically-based and physically-based models. Moreover the combination of the two models allowed the identification of areas where the results of the Information Value and the Infinite Slope methods are contradictory. Thus, these areas were classified as uncertain and deserve additional investigation at a more detailed scale.

Citation: Oliveira, S. C., Zêzere, J. L., Lajas, S., and Melo, R.: Combination of empirically-based and physically-based methods to assess shallow slides susceptibility at the basin scale, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/nhess-2016-381, in review, 2016.
Sérgio C. Oliveira et al.
Sérgio C. Oliveira et al.
Sérgio C. Oliveira et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 212 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
180 26 6 212 3 5

Views and downloads (calculated since 09 Dec 2016)

Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 09 Dec 2016)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 212 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)

Thereof 212 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.

Country # Views %
  • 1

Saved

Discussed

Latest update: 25 Apr 2017
Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
Approaches to assess shallow slides susceptibility at the basin scale are conceptually different depending on the use of empirically- or physically-based methods. Two hypotheses are tested: (i) both methods generate similar shallow slides susceptibility results; (ii) the combination of both susceptibility maps generate a more reliable susceptibility model. Models combination registered a higher predictive capacity and the identification of areas where the results from both models are uncertain.
Approaches to assess shallow slides susceptibility at the basin scale are conceptually different...
Share