Journal cover Journal topic
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
doi:10.5194/nhess-2016-304
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
05 Oct 2016
Review status
This discussion paper has been under review for the journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS). The manuscript was not accepted for further review after discussion.
Modelling and assessment of urban flood hazards based on rainfall intensity-duration-frequency curves reformation
Reza Ghazavi1, Ali Moafi Rabori2, and Mohsen Ahadnejad Reveshty3 1Associate Professor, Department of Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
2PhD Candidate of Watershed Management, Department of Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
3Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Iran
Abstract. Estimate design storm based on rainfall intensity–duration–frequency (IDF) curves is an important parameter for hydrologic planning of urban areas. The main aim of this study was to estimate rainfall intensities of Zanjan city watershed based on overall relationship of rainfall IDF curves and appropriate model of hourly rainfall estimation (Sherman method, Ghahreman and Abkhezr method). Hydrologic and hydraulic impacts of rainfall IDF curves change in flood properties was evaluated via Stormwater Management Model (SWMM). The accuracy of model simulations was confirmed based on the results of calibration. Design hyetographs in different return periods show that estimated rainfall depth via Sherman method are greater than other method except for 2-year return period. According to Ghahreman and Abkhezr method, decrease of runoff peak was 30, 39, 41 and 42 percent for 5-10-20 and 50-year return periods respectively, while runoff peak for 2-year return period was increased by 20 percent.

Citation: Ghazavi, R., Moafi Rabori, A., and Ahadnejad Reveshty, M.: Modelling and assessment of urban flood hazards based on rainfall intensity-duration-frequency curves reformation, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/nhess-2016-304, 2016.
Reza Ghazavi et al.
Reza Ghazavi et al.

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Short summary
In this study, we indicated that urbanization and climate change decreased rainfall intensity and flood volume. This should increase water shortage in such area located in arid and semi- arid area. As climate change cause increasing and decreasing of rainfall in different area, so we emphasis on the necessity of the urban flood hazards study based on rainfall intensity-duration-frequency curves reformation.
In this study, we indicated that urbanization and climate change decreased rainfall intensity...
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