Influence of heat index on regional mortality in Europe
Daniel Lee and Thomas Brenner
Philipps-University Marburg, Deutschhausstr. 10, 35037 Marburg, Germany
Received: 04 May 2016 – Accepted for review: 12 May 2016 – Discussion started: 19 May 2016
Abstract. Numerous studies of single locations have shown that high perceived temperatures have negative health consequences – including higher mortality – for humans. Others have confirmed that the frequency of such dangerous heat events will increase in the future. This study extends these insights by examining the relationship between heat index, a measure of the physiological effects of heat, and mortality for a large area (Europe) on a regional scale. The results show that, in Europe as a whole, the heat index has a significant influence on mortality. Furthermore, this influence is heterogeneously distributed throughout different regions in Europe. In light of Europe's changing climate, this knowledge can serve as a basis for policies to mitigate the effects of heat waves in the future.
Lee, D. and Brenner, T.: Influence of heat index on regional mortality in Europe, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/nhess-2016-154, 2016.