Applying IT Communication Technology in Public Awareness and Education for Reducing Hazard Casualty in South East Asia Developing Countries
S. P. Koay1, L. T. Tay1, H. Y. Chan1, S. Jamaludin2, H. Fukuoka3, H. Hazarika4, N. Sakai5, and H. Lateh11Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia 2Slope Engineering Branch, Public Works Department, Kuala Lumpur 50582, Malaysia 3Research Institute for Natural Hazards and Disaster Recovery, Niigata University, Niigata 950-2181, Japan 4Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan 5National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Tsukuba 305-0006, Japan
Received: 12 Jan 2016 – Accepted for review: 13 Jan 2016 – Discussion started: 19 Jan 2016
Abstract. In developing countries, especially most of South East Asia countries, every year landslides, mudslides and flood occur during monsoon rainy season and cause casualties not only in rural areas, but also in urban areas. Public awareness and education activities are important to reduce the casualties of such natural disasters. Nowadays, IT communication technology plays an important role in disseminating information and education. Lately, applying IT communication technology for public awareness on natural hazard becomes a trend among government authorities in these countries.
We begin our study in Malaysia on how to reduce landslides casualty for future natural hazard management in These developing countries. For a better understanding on the occurrence of landslides, besides the mechnism On how landslides occur, collecting historical data with location coordinates were carried out and stored in database periodically. Public can browse these historical data via internet and know which areas are more prone to landslides occurrence.
At the same time, IT communication technology was used to disseminate alert information after receiving rainfall intensity data from the monitering sites. It was also more efficient to conduct the public and school children awareness education by using such technology, as the simulation of rainfall induced slope failure mechanism and educational video on symptoms of landslides before they occur may give a clearer picture and better understanding to the public and school children.
Koay, S. P., Tay, L. T., Chan, H. Y., Jamaludin, S., Fukuoka, H., Hazarika, H., Sakai, N., and Lateh, H.: Applying IT Communication Technology in Public Awareness and Education for Reducing Hazard Casualty in South East Asia Developing Countries, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/nhess-2016-15, 2016.