Effectiveness and efficiency of slot-check dam system on debris flow control
Y. H. Zou and X. Q. Chen
Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Processes, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS, Chengdu, 610041, China
Received: 24 Jul 2015 – Accepted for review: 31 Aug 2015 – Discussion started: 29 Sep 2015
Abstract. Slot-check dam system is commonly used to control sediment transport associated with debris flows and mitigate debris flow hazards. This paper aims to estimate the performance of the slot-check dam system in the field and set up a verification to evaluate the efficiency of a slot-check dam system and each subsystem in debris flow sediment control. Field survey on a group of a series of slot-check dams at Shengou Basin in Yunnan, China reveals that the conserving sediment volume of each dam is related to its relative location in the group, gradually decreasing from upstream to downstream. The cumulative sediment volume within a subsystem of slot-check dams closely related to the characteristics of the catchment controlled by the subsystem. It increases with the controlled catchment area of the most downstream dam in subsystem and the distance from the dam to the upstream most. Evaluation models for the conserving efficiency of a slot-check dam system on debris flow control in a river basin and each subsystem within the group associate to the controlled catchment characteristics have been proposed. The layout principle of a slot-check dam system in a river basin has been developed based on the conserving efficiency of a subsystem of slot-check dams which would allow the slot-check dam system to be designed in a more scientific way.
Zou, Y. H. and Chen, X. Q.: Effectiveness and efficiency of slot-check dam system on debris flow control, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 3, 5777-5804, doi:10.5194/nhessd-3-5777-2015, 2015.