A numerical study of the early stages of a tropical cyclogenesis in relation to the MJO
J. Guerbette1,2, M. Plu1,2, C. Barthe1, and J.-F. Mahfouf21Laboratoire de l'Atmosphère et des Cyclones, Unité Mixte CNRS/Météo-France/Université de La Réunion, La Réunion, France 2CNRM-GAME, Météo-France/CNRS, Toulouse, France
Received: 01 Jul 2015 – Accepted for review: 02 Aug 2015 – Discussion started: 19 Aug 2015
Abstract. The role of an active phase of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO) on the evolution of a mesoscale convective systems (MCS) leading to a tropical depression is investigated in the South-West Indian Ocean during the Dynamics of the Madden–Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) field experiment, with a numerical limited-area atmospheric model. A mesoscale vortex is followed in the low-troposphere from the initiation of the active MJO phase. It is shown that the interaction of the vortex with the Equatorial jet associated with the MJO plays an important role on the vortex development. As the vortex encounters the southern part of the low-level jet, it undergoes intensification that is explained by the barotropic conversion of kinetic energy from the low-level jet to the vortex.
Guerbette, J., Plu, M., Barthe, C., and Mahfouf, J.-F.: A numerical study of the early stages of a tropical cyclogenesis in relation to the MJO, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 3, 4919-4935, doi:10.5194/nhessd-3-4919-2015, 2015.