The development of mountain risk governance: challenges for application
S. Link1,2 and J. Stötter1,21Institute of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Austria 2alpS Centre, Innsbruck, Austria
Received: 17 Dec 2014 – Accepted for review: 31 Dec 2014 – Discussion started: 16 Jan 2015
Abstract. The complexity the management of mountain risks in the Alps has considerably increased since its institutionalisation in the late nineteenth century. In the history of approaches to dealing with mountain risks four successive paradigms can be distinguished on the basis of key indicators such as guiding principles, characteristic elements and typical instruments: "hazard protection", "hazard management", "risk management", and "risk governance". In this contribution, special attention is paid to the development of hazard zone planning and the growing importance of communication and participation over the course of this transformation. At present, the risk management paradigm has reached maturity. In the Alps, risk governance frameworks are not yet applied to risks from natural hazards. Based on a historical analysis, the suitability and applicability of general risk governance frameworks in the context of mountain risks are discussed. Necessary adaptations (e.g., in administration, educational, and legal structures) are proposed for the upcoming transformation towards mountain risk governance.
Link, S. and Stötter, J.: The development of mountain risk governance: challenges for application, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 3, 429-455, doi:10.5194/nhessd-3-429-2015, 2015.