Safe-economical route and its assessment model of a ship to avoid tropical cyclones using dynamic forecast environment
L. C. Wu1,2, Y. Q. Wen1,2, and D. Y. Wu1,21School of Navigation, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China 2Hubei Inland Shipping Technology Key Laboratory, Wuhan, China
Received: 28 Mar 2013 – Accepted for review: 26 Apr 2013 – Discussion started: 14 May 2013
Abstract. In heavy sea conditions related to tropical cyclones (TCs), losses to shipping caused by capsizing are greater than other kinds of accidents. Therefore, it is important to consider capsizing risk in the algorithms used to generate safe-economic routes that avoid tropical cyclones (RATC). A safe-economic routing and assessment model for RATC, based on a dynamic forecasting environment, is presented in this paper. In the proposed model, a ship's risk is quantified using its capsizing probability caused by heavy wave conditions. Forecasting errors in the numerical models are considered according to their distribution characteristics. A case study shows that: the economic cost of RATCs is associated not only to the ship's speed and the acceptable risk level, but also to the ship's wind and wave resistance. Case study results demonstrate that the optimal routes obtained from the model proposed in this paper are significantly superior to those produced by traditional methods.
Wu, L. C., Wen, Y. Q., and Wu, D. Y.: Safe-economical route and its assessment model of a ship to avoid tropical cyclones using dynamic forecast environment, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 1, 1857-1893, doi:10.5194/nhessd-1-1857-2013, 2013.